Date: 12/8/2021 Form: 10-Q - Quarterly Report
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended October 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT

For the Transition Period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 001-31756

Graphic

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware

    

13-1947195

(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

One Church Street, Suite 201, Rockville, Maryland 20850

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(301) 315-0027

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed since Last Report)

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   þ    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer,” "accelerated filer ”, "smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer þ  Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company   Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

Title of Each Class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $.15 par value

AGX

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Common stock, $0.15 par value: 15,714,745 shares as of December 7, 2021.

ARGAN, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

    

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

October 31, 

October 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

REVENUES

$

124,451

$

127,331

$

383,800

$

274,971

Cost of revenues

 

98,316

 

106,988

 

306,299

 

234,989

GROSS PROFIT

 

26,135

 

20,343

 

77,501

 

39,982

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

11,590

 

9,398

 

31,813

 

28,827

INCOME FROM OPERATIONS

 

14,545

 

10,945

 

45,688

 

11,155

Other income, net

 

1,117

 

175

 

1,569

 

1,714

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

 

15,662

 

11,120

 

47,257

 

12,869

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

(3,269)

 

(1,666)

 

(11,228)

 

1,391

NET INCOME

 

12,393

 

9,454

 

36,029

 

14,260

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

(40)

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE STOCKHOLDERS OF ARGAN, INC.

12,393

9,454

36,029

14,300

Foreign currency translation adjustments

(471)

(321)

(728)

(650)

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE STOCKHOLDERS OF ARGAN, INC.

$

11,922

$

9,133

$

35,301

$

13,650

NET INCOME PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE STOCKHOLDERS OF ARGAN, INC.

Basic

$

0.79

$

0.60

$

2.29

$

0.91

Diluted

$

0.78

$

0.60

$

2.25

$

0.91

WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES OUTSTANDING

Basic

 

15,774

 

15,680

 

15,757

 

15,659

Diluted

 

15,963

 

15,833

 

15,980

 

15,795

CASH DIVIDENDS PER SHARE

$

0.25

$

0.25

$

0.75

$

1.75

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

2

ARGAN, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

    

October 31, 

    

January 31, 

    

2021

    

2021

(Unaudited)

(Note 1)

ASSETS

CURRENT ASSETS

Cash and cash equivalents

$

391,563

$

366,671

Short-term investments

90,001

90,055

Accounts receivable

 

35,793

 

28,713

Contract assets

 

9,908

 

26,635

Other current assets (Note 10)

 

32,454

 

34,146

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS

 

559,719

 

546,220

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

18,385

 

20,361

Goodwill

 

27,943

 

27,943

Other purchased intangible assets, net

3,417

4,097

Deferred taxes

249

Right-of-use and other assets

3,689

3,760

TOTAL ASSETS

$

613,153

$

602,630

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

CURRENT LIABILITIES

Accounts payable

$

39,959

$

53,295

Accrued expenses

 

42,672

 

50,750

Contract liabilities

 

176,414

 

172,042

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

259,045

 

276,087

Deferred taxes

 

133

 

Other noncurrent liabilities

4,180

4,135

TOTAL LIABILITIES

 

263,358

 

280,222

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Notes 7 and 8)

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Preferred stock, par value $0.10 per share – 500,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.15 per share – 30,000,000 shares authorized; 15,787,673 and 15,706,202 shares issued at October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, respectively; 15,784,440 and 15,702,969 shares outstanding at October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, respectively

 

2,368

 

2,356

Additional paid-in capital

 

157,187

 

153,282

Retained earnings

 

190,308

 

166,110

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(1,809)

(1,081)

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

348,054

 

320,667

Non-controlling interests

 

1,741

 

1,741

TOTAL EQUITY

 

349,795

 

322,408

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

$

613,153

$

602,630

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

ARGAN, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2021 AND 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

(Unaudited)

Common Stock

Additional

Accumulated

    

Outstanding

    

Par

    

Paid-in

    

Retained

    

Other Comprehensive

    

Non-controlling

    

Total

Shares

Value

Capital

Earnings

Loss

Interests

Equity

Balances, August 1, 2021

 

15,769,440

$

2,366

$

155,904

$

181,862

$

(1,338)

$

1,741

$

340,535

Net income

 

12,393

12,393

Foreign currency translation loss

(471)

(471)

Stock compensation expense

913

913

Stock option exercises

 

15,000

2

370

372

Cash dividends

 

(3,947)

(3,947)

Balances, October 31, 2021

 

15,784,440

$

2,368

$

157,187

$

190,308

$

(1,809)

$

1,741

$

349,795

Balances, August 1, 2020

15,669,969

$

2,351

$

150,847

$

170,653

$

(1,445)

$

1,741

$

324,147

Net income

9,454

9,454

Foreign currency translation loss

(321)

(321)

Stock compensation expense

786

786

Stock option exercises

 

20,000

3

516

519

Cash dividends

(3,921)

(3,921)

Balances, October 31, 2020

15,689,969

$

2,354

$

152,149

$

176,186

$

(1,766)

$

1,741

$

330,664

Balances, February 1, 2021

 

15,702,969

$

2,356

$

153,282

$

166,110

$

(1,081)

$

1,741

$

322,408

Net income

 

36,029

36,029

Foreign currency translation loss

(728)

(728)

Stock compensation expense

2,521

2,521

Stock option exercises and other share-based award settlements

 

81,471

12

1,384

1,396

Cash dividends

 

(11,831)

(11,831)

Balances, October 31, 2021

 

15,784,440

$

2,368

$

157,187

$

190,308

$

(1,809)

$

1,741

$

349,795

Balances, February 1, 2020

15,634,969

$

2,346

$

148,713

$

189,306

$

(1,116)

$

1,781

$

341,030

Net income (loss)

14,300

(40)

14,260

Foreign currency translation loss

(650)

(650)

Stock compensation expense

2,199

2,199

Stock option exercises

55,000

8

1,237

1,245

Cash dividends

(27,420)

(27,420)

Balances, October 31, 2020

15,689,969

$

2,354

$

152,149

$

176,186

$

(1,766)

$

1,741

$

330,664

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

ARGAN, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

    

Nine Months Ended October 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

Net income

$

36,029

$

14,260

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities

Lease expense

3,017

1,318

Depreciation

 

2,560

 

2,798

Stock compensation expense

2,521

2,199

Amortization of purchased intangible assets

 

680

 

677

Deferred income tax expense

383

8,366

Other

 

390

 

593

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

Accounts receivable

 

(7,084)

 

6,585

Contract assets

16,727

6,156

Other assets

 

2,070

 

(15,976)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

(19,966)

 

27,725

Contract liabilities

4,372

87,859

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

41,699

 

142,560

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

Maturities of short-term investments

90,000

170,000

Purchases of short-term investments

(90,000)

(100,000)

Investment in solar energy projects

 

(4,085)

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

(1,123)

 

(1,412)

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

(5,208)

 

68,588

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

Payments of cash dividends

 

(11,831)

 

(27,420)

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

1,396

 

1,245

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(10,435)

 

(26,175)

EFFECTS OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH

(1,164)

877

NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

24,892

 

185,850

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

366,671

167,363

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

$

391,563

$

353,213

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION (Notes 7 and 10)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5

ARGAN, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

October 31, 2021

(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

NOTE 1 – DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Description of the Business

Argan, Inc. ("Argan”) conducts operations through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Gemma Power Systems, LLC and affiliates ("GPS”); The Roberts Company, Inc. ("TRC”); Atlantic Projects Company Limited and affiliates ("APC”) and Southern Maryland Cable, Inc. ("SMC”). Argan and these consolidated subsidiaries are hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Company.”

Through GPS and APC, the Company provides a full range of engineering, procurement, construction, commissioning, operations management, maintenance, project development, technical and other consulting services to the power generation market, including the renewable energy sector. The wide range of customers includes independent power producers, public utilities, power plant equipment suppliers and global energy plant construction firms with projects located in the United States (the "US”), the Republic of Ireland ("Ireland”) and the United Kingdom (the "UK”). Including a consolidated variable interest entity ("VIE”), GPS and APC represent the Company’s power industry services reportable segment. Through TRC, the industrial fabrication and field services reportable segment provides on-site services that support maintenance turnarounds, shutdowns and emergency mobilizations for industrial plants primarily located in the southeastern region of the US and that are based on its expertise in producing, delivering and installing fabricated metal components such as piping systems and pressure vessels. Through SMC, which conducts business as SMC Infrastructure Solutions, the telecommunications infrastructure services segment provides project management, construction, installation and maintenance services to commercial, local government and federal government customers primarily in the mid-Atlantic region of the US.

Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Argan, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its financially controlled VIE. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

In Note 14, the Company has provided certain financial information relating to the operating results and assets of its reportable segments based on the manner in which management disaggregates the Company’s financial reporting for purposes of making internal operating decisions.

The Company’s fiscal year ends on January 31 of each year. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 31, 2021, the condensed consolidated statements of earnings and stockholders’ equity for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 are unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2021 has been derived from audited financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the US Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("US GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, the notes thereto, and the independent registered public accounting firm’s report thereon, that are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 ("Fiscal 2021”).

In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, which are of a normal and recurring nature, considered necessary to present fairly the financial position of the Company as of October 31, 2021, and its earnings and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for any other interim period or for a full fiscal year.

6

Accounting Policies

Income Taxes

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU”) 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which, among other changes, eliminates the exception to the general methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period when a year-to-date loss exceeds the expected loss for the entire year. In these instances, the estimated annual effective income tax rate shall be used to calculate the tax without limitation. The new standard also requires the recognition of a franchise (or similar) tax that is partially based on income as an income-based tax and the recording of any incremental tax that is incurred by the Company as a non-income based tax. The Company’s adoption of this new guidance, which was effective on February 1, 2021, did not alter the Company’s accounting for income taxes.

There are no other recently issued accounting pronouncements that have not yet been adopted that the Company considers material to its condensed consolidated financial statements.

Fair Values

The carrying value amounts presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets for the Company’s current assets, which primarily include cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable and contract assets, and its current liabilities are reasonable estimates of their fair values due to the short-term nature of these items.

Variable Interest Entity

In January 2018, the Company was deemed to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE that is performing the project development activities related to the planned construction of a new natural gas-fired power plant. Consequently, the account balances of the VIE are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements, including development costs incurred by the VIE during the project development period. The total amount of the project development costs included in the balances for property, plant and equipment as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 was $7.5 million at both dates. Consideration for the Company’s engineering and financial support provided to the project includes the right to build the power plant pursuant to a turnkey engineering, procurement and construction ("EPC”) services contract that has been negotiated and announced.

Currently, the most significant project development hurdle for the project owner is the establishment of a fuel-supply source for the plant. The understanding of GPS is that there are viable gas supply alternatives under development by the project owner and others. Recovery of the Company’s investment in this project will depend on the successful completion of all project development efforts, which should lead to the arrangement of financing for the construction of the corresponding power plant, or the sale of the project. As currently contemplated, such financing or sale would provide cash flow sufficient for the project developer to repay the funds borrowed from GPS in full. Such repayment would represent a full recovery of GPS’s investment in the project.

NOTE 2 – REVENUES FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

The Company’s accounting for revenues on contracts with customers is based on a single comprehensive five-step model that requires reporting entities to:

1.Identify the contract,
2.Identify the performance obligations of the contract,
3.Determine the transaction price of the contract,
4.Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations, and
5.Recognize revenue.

The Company focuses on the transfer of the contractor’s control of the goods and/or services to the customer, as opposed to the transfer of risk and rewards. Major provisions of the current guidance cover the determination of which goods and services are distinct and represent separate performance obligations, the appropriate treatments for variable consideration, and the evaluation of whether revenues should be recognized at a point in time or over time.

7

When a performance obligation is satisfied over time, the related revenues are recognized over time. The Company’s revenues are recognized primarily under various types of long-term construction contracts, including those for which revenues are based on either a fixed-price or a time-and-materials basis, and primarily over time as performance obligations are satisfied due to the continuous transfer of control to the project owner or other customer.

Revenues from fixed-price contracts, including portions of estimated gross profit, are recognized as services are provided, based on costs incurred and estimated total contract costs using the cost-to-cost approach. If, at any time, the estimate of contract profitability indicates an anticipated loss on a contract, the Company will recognize the total loss in the reporting period in which it is identified and the loss amount becomes estimable. Revenues from time-and-materials contracts are recognized when the related services are provided to the customer.

Almost all of the Company’s fixed-price contracts are considered to have a single performance obligation. Although multiple promises to transfer individual goods or services may exist, they are not typically distinct within the context of such contracts because contract promises included therein are interrelated or the contracts require the Company to perform critical integration so that the customer receives a completed project. Warranties provided under the Company’s contracts with customers are assurance-type and are recorded as the corresponding contract work is performed.

The transaction price for a contract represents the value of the contract awarded to the Company that is used to determine the amount of revenues recognized as of the balance sheet date. It may reflect amounts of variable consideration which could be either increases or decreases to the transaction price. These adjustments can be made from time-to-time during the period of contract performance as circumstances evolve related to such items as changes in the scope and price of contracts, claims, incentives and liquidated damages.

Contract assets include amounts that represent the rights to receive payment for goods or services that have been transferred to the project owner, with the rights conditional upon something other than the passage of time. Contract liabilities include amounts that reflect obligations to provide goods or services for which payment has been received. Contract retentions are billed amounts which, pursuant to the terms of the applicable contract, are not paid by project owners until a defined phase of a contract or project has been completed and accepted. These retained amounts are reflected in contract assets or contract liabilities depending on the net contract position of the particular contract. Retention amounts and the length of retention periods may vary. Retainage amounts related to active contracts are considered current regardless of the term of the applicable contract; such amounts are generally collected by the completion of the applicable contract. The total of amounts retained by project owners under construction contracts at October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 were $41.3 million and $36.8 million, respectively.

Variable Consideration

Amounts for contract variations for which the Company has project-owner directive for additional work or other scope change, but not for the price associated with the corresponding additional effort, are included in the transaction price when it is considered probable that the applicable costs will be recovered through a modification to the contract price. The effects of any revision to a transaction price can be determined at any time and they could be material. The Company may include in the corresponding transaction price a portion of the amount claimed in a dispute that it expects to receive from a project owner. Once a settlement of the dispute has been reached with the project owner, the transaction price may be revised again to reflect the final resolution. The aggregate amount of such contract variations included in the transaction prices that were used to determine project-to-date revenues at October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 were $6.8 million and $16.6 million, respectively. Variations related to the Company’s contracts typically represent modifications to the existing contracts and performance obligations, and do not represent new performance obligations. Actual costs related to any changes in the scope of the corresponding contract are expensed as they are incurred. Changes to total estimated contract costs and losses, if any, are reflected in operating results for the period in which they are determined.

The Company’s long-term contracts typically have schedule dates and other performance objectives that if not achieved could subject the Company to liquidated damages. These contract requirements generally relate to specified activities that must be completed by an established date or by the achievement of a specified level of output or efficiency. Each applicable contract defines the conditions under which a project owner may be entitled to any liquidated damages. At the outset of each of the Company’s contracts, the potential amounts of liquidated damages typically are not subtracted from the transaction price as the Company believes that it has included activities in its contract plan, and the associated costs, that

8

will be effective in preventing such damages. Of course, circumstances may change as the Company executes the corresponding contract. The transaction price is reduced by an applicable amount when the Company no longer considers it probable that a future reversal of revenues will not occur when the matter is resolved. The Company considers potential liquidated damages, the costs of other related items and potential mitigating factors in determining the adequacy of its regularly updated estimates of the amounts of gross profit expected to be earned on active projects.

In other cases, the Company may have the grounds to assert liquidated damages against subcontractors, suppliers, project owners or other parties related to a project. Such circumstances may arise when the Company’s activities and progress are adversely affected by delayed or damaged materials, challenges with equipment performance or other events out of the Company’s control where the Company has rights to recourse, typically in the form of liquidated damages. In general, the Company does not adjust the corresponding contract accounting until it is probable that the favorable cost relief will be realized. Such adjustments have been and could be material.

The Company records adjustments to revenues and profits on contracts, including those associated with contract variations and estimated cost changes, using a cumulative catch-up method. Under this method, the impact of an adjustment to the amount of revenues recognized to date is recorded in the period that the adjustment is identified. Estimated variable consideration amounts are determined by the Company based primarily on the single most likely amount in the range of possible consideration amounts. Revenues and profits in future periods of contract performance are recognized using the adjusted amounts of transaction price and estimated contract costs.

Accounting for the Subcontract Loss

Construction activities that were performed by APC on the mechanical installation of the boiler for a biomass-fired power plant under construction in Teesside, England, the Tees Renewable Energy Plant ("TeesREP”), were suspended in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, pending preparations being made by the contractors and subcontractors to comply with new and evolving government guidance concerning public health protocols. At the time of the suspension of work on the TeesREP project, APC had completed approximately 90% of its subcontracted work.

APC entered into an amendment to the subcontract with its customer, effective June 1, 2020, covering the various terms and conditions for completion of the installation of the boiler. The agreement represented a global settlement of past commercial differences with both parties making significant concessions, and converted the billing arrangements for the remaining work to a time-and-materials basis. During October 2020, APC and its customer agreed to additional contractual changes that effectively recognized APC’s completion of the single performance obligation and that established a time-and-materials contractual arrangement covering any additional works requested by APC’s customer until completion of APC’s engagement which occurred during the current year.

The accounting for the subcontract, as amended, resulted in reductions to the subcontract loss that were recorded during the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020, in the approximate amounts of $2.8 million and $4.1 million, respectively. Accordingly, the final amount of the TeesREP subcontract loss was $29.5 million, and the remaining subcontract loss reserve balance was eliminated as of October 31, 2020. The total amounts of accounts receivable and contract assets related to the TeesREP project and included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets were less than $0.1 million as of October 31, 2021 and were $4.7 million as of January 31, 2021.

Remaining Unsatisfied Performance Obligations ("RUPO”)

The amount of RUPO represents the unrecognized revenue value of active contracts with customers as determined under the revenue recognition rules of US GAAP. Increases to RUPO during a reporting period represent the transaction prices associated with new contracts, as well as additions to the transaction prices of existing contracts. The amounts of such changes may vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of major new contract awards and the occurrence and assessment of contract variations.

9

At October 31, 2021, the Company had RUPO of $491.6 million. The largest portion of RUPO at any date usually relates to EPC service contracts with typical performance durations of one to three years. However, the length of certain significant construction projects may exceed three years. The Company estimates that approximately 25% of the RUPO amount at October 31, 2021 will be included in the amount of consolidated revenues that will be recognized during the remainder of the fiscal year ending January 31, 2022. Most of the remaining amount of RUPO at October 31, 2021 is expected to be recognized in revenues during the fiscal year ending January 31, 2023.

Revenues for future periods will also include amounts related to customer contracts awarded subsequent to October 31, 2021. It is important to note that estimates may be changed in the future and that cancellations, deferrals or scope adjustments may occur related to work included in the amount of RUPO at October 31, 2021. Accordingly, RUPO may be adjusted to reflect project delays and cancellations, revisions to project scope and cost and foreign currency exchange fluctuations, or to revise estimates, as effects become known. Such adjustments may materially reduce future revenues below Company estimates.

Disaggregation of Revenues

The following table presents consolidated revenues for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, disaggregated by the geographic area where the corresponding projects were located:

Three Months Ended October 31, 

Nine Months Ended October 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

United States

$

110,196

$

109,241

$

349,066

$

241,616

Republic of Ireland

 

9,698

 

8,331

 

21,947

 

10,760

United Kingdom

 

4,496

 

9,759

 

12,283

 

22,595

Other

 

61

 

 

504

 

Consolidated Revenues

$

124,451

$

127,331

$

383,800

$

274,971

The major portion of the Company’s consolidated revenues are recognized pursuant to fixed-price contracts with most of the remaining portions earned pursuant to time-and-material contracts. Consolidated revenues are disaggregated by reportable segment in Note 14 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 3 – CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS

At October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, significant amounts of cash equivalents were invested in government and prime money market funds with net assets invested in high-quality money market instruments. Such investments include US Treasury obligations; obligations of US government agencies, authorities, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises; and repurchase agreements secured by US government obligations. Due to market conditions, returns on money market instruments are currently minimal. The Company considers all liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents.

Short-term investments as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 consisted solely of certificates of deposit purchased from Bank of America (the "Bank”) with weighted average initial maturities of less than one year. The Company has the intent and ability to hold the CDs until they mature, and they are carried at cost plus accrued interest which approximates fair value. Interest income is recorded when earned and is included in other income. At October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, the weighted average annual interest rates of the outstanding CDs were 0.1% and 0.2%, respectively.

The Company has a substantial portion of its cash on deposit in the US. The Company also maintains certain Euro-based bank accounts in Ireland and certain pound sterling-based bank accounts in the UK in support of the operations of APC. Management does not believe that the combined amount of the CD investments and the cash deposited with the Bank and financial institutions in Ireland and the UK, in excess of government-insured levels, represents a material risk.

NOTE 4 – ACCOUNTS AND NOTES RECEIVABLE

The Company generally extends credit to a customer based on an evaluation of the customer’s financial condition without requiring tangible collateral. Exposure to losses on accounts and notes receivable is expected to differ due to the varying financial condition of each customer. The Company monitors its exposure to credit losses and may establish an allowance

10

for credit losses based on management’s estimate of the loss that is expected to occur over the remaining life of the particular financial asset. The amounts of the provisions for credit losses for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 were insignificant. The allowances for credit losses as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 were also insignificant.

As of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, there were past due notes receivables from a project developer in the aggregate amount of $1.8 million, for which full receipt will most likely depend on the successful financing of the related project. The Company placed these notes receivables on a non-accrual status during Fiscal 2021.

NOTE 5 – PURCHASED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

At both October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, the goodwill balances related to the acquisitions of GPS and TRC were $18.5 million and $9.5 million, respectively. Management does not believe that any events or circumstances that have occurred or arisen since January 31, 2021 require an updated assessment of the goodwill balances of either GPS or TRC.

The Company’s purchased intangible assets, other than goodwill, consisted of the following elements as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021:

October 31, 2021

January 31, 

Estimated

Gross

Accumulated

Net

2021, (net

    

Useful Life

    

Amounts

    

Amortization

    

Amounts

    

amounts)

Trade names

 

TRC

15 years

$

4,499

$

1,775

$

2,724

$

2,949

GPS

15 years

3,643

3,617

26

208

Process certifications

 

7 years

 

1,897

1,604

293

497

Customer relationships

10 years

916

542

374

443

Totals

$

10,955

$

7,538

$

3,417

$

4,097

NOTE 6 – FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

During April 2021, the Company amended its Amended and Restated Replacement Credit Agreement with the Bank (the "Credit Agreement”). The amendment extended the expiration date of the Credit Agreement to May 31, 2024 and reduced the borrowing rate. The Credit Agreement, as amended, includes the following features, among others: a lending commitment of $50.0 million including a revolving loan with interest at the 30-day LIBOR plus 1.6% (reduced from 2.0%), and an accordion feature which allows for an additional commitment amount of $10.0 million, subject to certain conditions. The Company may also use the borrowing ability to cover other credit instruments issued by the Bank for the Company’s use in the ordinary course of business as defined in the Credit Agreement.

At October 31, 2021, the Company did not have any borrowings or outstanding letters of credit issued under the Credit Agreement. However, subsequent to October 31, 2021, the Bank issued letters of credit in the total amount of $19.9 million in support of the activities of APC under a new customer contract. In connection with the current project development activities of the VIE that is described in Note 1, the Bank issued a letter of credit, outside the scope of the Credit Agreement, in the approximate amount of $3.4 million as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 for which the Company has provided cash collateral.

The Company has pledged the majority of its assets to secure its financing arrangements. The Bank’s consent is not required for acquisitions, divestitures, cash dividends or significant investments as long as certain conditions are met. The Bank requires that the Company comply with certain financial covenants at its fiscal year-end and at each of its fiscal quarter-ends. The Credit Agreement, as amended, includes other terms, covenants and events of default that are customary for a credit facility of its size and nature, including a requirement to achieve positive adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, as defined, over each rolling twelve-month measurement period. As of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with the covenants of the Credit Agreement.

11

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS

Leases

The Company’s operating leases primarily cover office space that expire on various dates through September 2031 and certain equipment used by the Company in the performance of its construction services contracts. Some of these equipment leases are embedded in broader agreements with subcontractors or construction equipment suppliers. The Company has no material finance leases. None of the operating leases includes significant amounts for incentives, rent holidays or price escalations. Under certain lease agreements, the Company is obligated to pay property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs.

Operating lease right-of-use assets and associated lease liabilities are recorded in the balance sheet at the lease commencement date based on the present value of future minimum lease payments to be made over the expected lease term. As the implicit rate is not determinable in most of the Company’s leases, management uses the Company’s incremental borrowing rate (currently LIBOR plus 1.6%) at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The expected lease term includes any option to extend or to terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain the Company will exercise such option.

Operating lease expense amounts are recorded on a straight-line basis over the expected lease terms and were $1.1 million and $3.0 million for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021, respectively, and were $0.5 million and $1.3 million for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020, respectively. Operating lease payments for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 were $1.1 million and $3.0 million, respectively, and were $0.3 million and $1.2 million for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020, respectively. For operating leases as of October 31, 2021, the weighted average lease term is 41 months and the weighted average discount rate is 2.5%.

The Company also uses equipment and occupies other facilities under short-term rental agreements. Rent expense amounts incurred under operating leases and short-term rental agreements (including portions of the lease expense amounts disclosed above) and included in costs of revenues for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 were $2.8 million and $9.0 million, respectively. Rent expense incurred under these types of arrangements and included in costs of revenues for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020 was $2.3 million and $4.2 million, respectively. Rent expense incurred under these types of arrangements (including portions of the lease expense amounts disclosed above) and included in selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 was $0.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Rent expense incurred under these types of arrangements and included in selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020 was $0.2 million and $0.7 million, respectively.

The aggregate amounts of operating leases added during the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 were $2.4 million and $2.3 million, respectively. The following is a schedule of future minimum lease payments for the operating leases that were recognized in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 31, 2021.

Years Ending January 31, 

Remainder of 2022

    

$

755

2023

1,020

2024

368

2025

214

2026

111

Thereafter

537

Total lease payments

3,005

Less interest portion

93

Present value of lease payments

2,912

Less current portion (included in accrued expenses)

1,665

Non-current portion (included in other noncurrent liabilities)

$

1,247

12

The future minimum lease payments presented above include amounts due under a long-term lease covering the primary offices and plant for TRC with the founder and current chief executive officer of TRC at an annual rate of $0.3 million with a term extending through April 30, 2022.

Performance Bonds and Guarantees

In the normal course of business and for certain major projects, the Company may be required to obtain surety or performance bonding, to cause the issuance of letters of credit, or to provide parent company guarantees (or some combination thereof) in order to provide performance assurances to clients on behalf of its contractor subsidiaries. As these subsidiaries are wholly-owned, any actual liability is ordinarily reflected in the financial statement account balances determined pursuant to the Company’s accounting for contracts with customers. When sufficient information about claims on guaranteed or bonded projects would be available and monetary damages or other costs or losses would be determined to be probable, the Company would record such losses. Any amounts that may be required to be paid in excess of the estimated costs to complete contracts in progress as of October 31, 2021 are not estimable.

As of October 31, 2021, the value of the Company’s unsatisfied bonded performance obligations, covering all of its subsidiaries, was approximately $272.4 million. In addition, as of October 31, 2021, there were bonds outstanding in the aggregate amount of approximately $0.8 million covering other risks including warranty obligations related to completed activities; these bonds expire at various dates over the next twelve months. Not all of our projects require bonding.

As of October 31, 2021, the Company has also provided a financial guarantee, subject to certain terms and conditions, on behalf of GPS to an original equipment manufacturer in the amount of $3.6 million in support of business development efforts. The Company believes that the fair value of this guarantee as of October 31, 2021 is not material.

Warranties

The Company generally provides assurance-type warranties for work performed under its construction contracts. The warranties cover defects in equipment, materials, design or workmanship, and most warranty periods typically run from nine to twenty-four months after the completion of construction on a particular project. Because of the nature of the Company’s projects, including project owner inspections of the work both during construction and prior to substantial completion, the Company has not experienced material unexpected warranty costs in the past. Warranty costs are estimated based on experience with the type of work and any known risks relative to each completed project. The accruals of liabilities, which are established to cover estimated future warranty costs, are recorded as the contracted work is performed, and they are included in the amounts of accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated balances sheets. The liability amounts may be periodically adjusted to reflect changes in the estimated size and number of expected warranty claims.

NOTE 8 – LEGAL CONTINGENCIES

In the normal course of business, the Company may have pending claims and legal proceedings. In the opinion of management, based on information available at this time, there are no current claims and proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on the condensed consolidated financial statements as of October 31, 2021. During September 2021, GPS settled major litigation as described below.

In January 2019, GPS filed a lawsuit against Exelon West Medway II, LLC and Exelon Generation Company, LLC (together referred to as "Exelon”) in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York for Exelon’s breach of contract and failure to remedy various conditions which negatively impacted the schedule and the costs associated with the construction by GPS of a gas-fired power plant for Exelon in Massachusetts. In March 2019, Exelon provided GPS with a notice intending to terminate the EPC contract under which GPS had been providing services to Exelon. At that time, the construction project was nearly complete and both of the power generation units included in the plant had successfully reached first fire. Nevertheless, and among other actions, Exelon provided contractual notice requiring GPS to vacate the construction site. Exelon asserted that GPS failed to fulfill certain obligations under the contract and was in default, withholding payments from GPS on invoices rendered to Exelon in accordance with the terms of the contract between the parties.

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In September 2021, Argan’s wholly owned subsidiary, GPS, reached a final settlement of all outstanding claims between the parties resulting in Exelon making a payment to GPS in the amount of $27.5 million which was in excess of the previously reported amount of receivables and contract assets. The excess amount was included in revenues.

NOTE 9 – STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

On June 23, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved the adoption of the 2020 Stock Plan (the "2020 Plan”), and the allocation of 500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for issuance thereunder. The Company’s board of directors may make share-based awards under the 2020 Plan to officers, directors and key employees. The 2020 Plan replaces the 2011 Stock Plan (the "2011 Plan”); the Company’s authority to make awards pursuant to the 2011 Plan expired on July 19, 2021. Together, the 2020 Plan and the 2011 Plan are hereinafter referred to as the "Stock Plans.”

The features of the 2020 Plan are similar to those included in the 2011 Plan. Awards may include nonqualified stock options, incentive stock options,  and restricted or unrestricted stock. The specific provisions for each award made pursuant to the terms of the 2020 Plan are documented in a written agreement between the Company and the awardee. All stock options awarded under the 2020 Plan shall have an exercise price per share at least equal to the common stock’s market value on the date of grant. Stock options shall have terms no longer than ten years. Typically, stock options are awarded with one-third of each stock option vesting on each of the first three anniversaries of the corresponding award date.

As of October 31, 2021, there were 2,046,068 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the Stock Plans; this number includes 459,500 shares of common stock available for future awards under the 2020 Plan.

Stock Options

A summary of stock option activity under the Company’s approved Stock Plans for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, along with corresponding weighted average per share amounts, is presented below (shares in thousands):

Exercise

Remaining

    

Shares

    

Price

    

Term (years)

    

Fair Value

Outstanding, February 1, 2021

 

1,405

$

44.17

 

6.90

$

10.39

Granted

32

$

54.60

Exercised

(41)

$

34.05

Forfeited

(15)

$

50.21

Outstanding, October 31, 2021

1,381

$

44.64

 

6.32

$

10.46

Exercisable, October 31, 2021

 

1,053

$

45.51

 

5.66

$

11.18

Outstanding, October 31, 2020

1,364

$

44.14

 

6.96

$

10.52

Exercisable, October 31, 2020

 

865

$

46.40

 

5.97

$

11.76

The changes in the number of non-vested options to purchase shares of common stock for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, and the weighted average fair value per share for each number, are presented below (shares in thousands):

    

Shares

    

Fair Value

Non-vested, February 1, 2021

 

467

$

8.01

Granted

 

32

$

11.12

Vested

 

(163)

$

8.43

Forfeitures

(8)

$

7.05

Non-vested, October 31, 2021

 

328

$

8.13

Non-vested, October 31, 2020

 

499

$

8.35

The total intrinsic value amounts of the stock options exercised during the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 were $0.6 million and $1.2 million, respectively. At October 31, 2021, the aggregate market value amounts of the shares of common stock subject to outstanding and exercisable stock options that were "in-the-money” exceeded the aggregate exercise prices of such options by $4.3 million and $3.4 million, respectively.

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Restricted Stock Units

The changes in the maximum number of restricted stock units for the nine months ended October 31, 2021, and the weighted average fair value per share for each number, are presented below (shares in thousands):

    

Shares

    

Fair Value

Outstanding, February 1, 2021

 

117

$

17.71

Awarded

 

128

$

39.84

Issued

 

(40)

$

20.64

Outstanding, October 31, 2021

 

205

$

31.00

Outstanding, October 31, 2020

 

117

$

17.71

Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units

Pursuant to the terms of the Stock Plans and as described in the corresponding agreements with the executives, the Company awarded performance-based restricted stock units to four senior executives in April 2021 and two senior executives in April 2020, covering up to 49,000 and 45,000 maximum total numbers of shares of common stock, respectively, plus a number of shares to be determined based on the amount of cash dividends deemed paid on shares earned pursuant to the awards. The issuance of the number of shares earned under the agreements, free of related restrictions, depends on the total return performance of the Company’s common stock measured against the performance of a peer-group of common stocks over three-year periods.

During the nine months ended October 31, 2021, the three-year vesting period for the restricted stock units awarded in April 2018 concluded and it was determined that 40,471 shares of common stock, including shares attributable to cash dividends, were earned pursuant to the performance criteria and other terms of the 2011 Plan and the applicable award agreements. These shares were issued to the awardees in April 2021.

Renewable Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units

In April 2021, the Company awarded renewable energy project performance-based restricted stock units to two senior executives at GPS as described in the corresponding agreements with the executives. Each award covers 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock plus a number of shares to be determined based on the amount of cash dividends deemed paid on shares earned pursuant to the awards. The issuance of the shares, free of restrictions, shall be based on the success of GPS in increasing the amount of RUPO related to renewable energy projects, as defined, during certain periods within the three-year term of each award. The awards establish RUPO hurdle amounts for separate periods of time defined in the awards, and assign a certain portion of the award shares to each hurdle. If a RUPO hurdle is exceeded (each is mutually exclusive), the number of shares earned based on the achievement of the applicable hurdle will be issued to the executives at the end of the corresponding period. If a RUPO hurdle amount is not achieved within the period of time defined in the awards, the award shares assigned to the hurdle are forfeited. 

Time-Based Restricted Stock Units

During the nine months ended October 31, 2021, the Company also awarded time-based restricted stock units covering a total of 65,000 shares of common stock to senior executives and other employees pursuant to the terms of the Stock Plans and as described in the corresponding agreements with each awardee. Most of the shares will vest in equal installments on each of the first three anniversaries of the award date. Accordingly, at each vesting date, one-third of the award shares plus a number of shares to be determined based on the amount of cash dividends deemed paid on shares earned pursuant to the awards will be issued to each awardee. Of the 15,500 shares awarded in September 2021, most of these shares will vest on the three-year anniversary of award.

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Fair Value

The fair value amounts of stock options and restricted stock units are recorded as stock compensation expense over the terms of the corresponding awards. Expense amounts related to stock awards were $0.9 million and $0.8 million for the three months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Expense amounts related to stock awards were $2.5 million and $2.2 million for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

At October 31, 2021, there was $6.2 million in unrecognized compensation cost related to outstanding stock awards that the Company expects to expense over the next three years.

The Company estimates the weighted average fair value of stock options on the date of award using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company believes that its past stock option exercise activity is sufficient to provide it with a reasonable basis upon which to estimate the expected life of newly awarded stock options. Risk-free interest rates are determined by blending the rates for three to five year US Treasury notes. The dividend yield is based on the Company’s current annual regular dividend amount. The calculations of the expected volatility factors are based on the monthly closing prices of the Company’s common stock for the five-year periods preceding the dates of the corresponding awards.

The fair value amounts for the performance-based restricted stock units have been determined by using the per share market price of the Company’s common stock on the dates of award and the target number of shares for the awards (50% of the maximum number), by assigning equal probabilities to the thirteen possible payout outcomes at the end of each three-year term, and by computing the weighted average of the outcome amounts. For each award, the estimated fair value amount was calculated to be 88.5% of the aggregate market value of the target number of shares on the award date. For the renewable performance-based restricted stock units, which were awarded for the first time in April 2021, the fair value of each award was determined to be 50% of the aggregate market value of the shares of common stock covered by the award on the date of the award. For the time-based restricted stock units, the fair value of each award equals the aggregate market price for the number of shares covered by each award on the date of award.

NOTE 10 – INCOME TAXES

Income Tax Expense Reconciliation

The Company’s income tax amounts for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 differed from corresponding amounts computed by applying the federal corporate income tax rate of 21%to the income before income taxes for the periods as presented below:

    

Nine Months Ended October 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Computed expected income tax expense

$

(9,924)

$

(2,702)

Difference resulting from:

State income taxes, net of federal tax effect

 

(1,015)

 

(40)

Net operating loss carryback benefit (see discussion below)

4,390

Adjustments and other differences

(289)

(257)

Income tax (expense) benefit

$

(11,228)

$

1,391

Foreign income tax expense for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 was $0.5 million; the foreign tax expense amount for the nine months ended October 31, 2020 was not material.

During the nine months ended October 31, 2021, the Company wrote-off previously established deferred tax assets in the amount of $0.3 million based on the estimated non-deductible portion of stock option compensation.

Net Operating Loss ("NOL”) Carryback

In an effort to combat the adverse economic impacts of the COVID-19 crisis, the US Congress passed the Coronavirus, Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ( the "CARES Act”) that was signed into law on March 27, 2020. This wide-ranging legislation was an emergency economic stimulus package that included spending and tax breaks aimed at strengthening the US economy and funding a nationwide effort to curtail the effects of the outbreak of COVID-19.

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The tax changes of the CARES Act included a temporary suspension of the limitations on the future utilization of certain NOLs and re-established a carryback period for certain losses to five years. The NOLs eligible for carryback under the CARES Act include the Company’s domestic NOL for the year ended January 31, 2020 ("Fiscal 2020”), which was approximately $39.5 million. The Company made the appropriate filing with the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS”) requesting carryback refunds of income taxes paid for the years ended January 31, 2017 ("Fiscal 2017”), 2016 ("Fiscal 2016”) and 2015 ("Fiscal 2015”).

A deferred tax asset in the amount of $8.3 million was recorded as of January 31, 2020 associated with the income tax benefit of the NOL for the year then ended. With the enactment of the CARES Act, the asset was moved to income taxes receivable (included in other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021) where the value was increased to approximately $12.7 million. The carryback provided a favorable rate benefit for the Company as the loss, which was incurred in a year where the statutory federal tax rate was 21%, has been carried back to tax years where the tax rate was higher. The substantial portion of the net amount of this additional income tax benefit, estimated at the time to be approximately $4.2 million, was recorded in the nine-month period ended October 31, 2020.

Research and Development Tax Credits

During the year ended January 31, 2019 ("Fiscal 2019”), the Company completed a detailed review of the activities of its engineering staff on major EPC services projects in order to identify and quantify the amounts of research and development tax credits that may have been available to reduce prior year income taxes. This study focused on project costs incurred during the three-year period ended January 31, 2018. Based on the results of the study, management identified and estimated significant amounts of income tax benefits that were not previously recognized in the Company’s operating results for any prior year reporting period.

The amount of research and development tax credit benefit recognized in Fiscal 2019 was $16.6 million. During Fiscal 2020, deferred tax assets related to the research and development tax credits were reduced by $0.4 million. As described below, the IRS has concluded examinations of the Company’s consolidated federal income tax returns for Fiscal 2016 and Fiscal 2017, as amended to include research and development tax credits, and has commenced an examination of the Company’s consolidated federal income tax return for the year ended January 31, 2018 ("Fiscal 2018”) with an expressed intent to focus on the research and development tax credit included therein. All of the aforementioned filings were made prior to January 31, 2019.

The amount of identified but unrecognized income tax benefits related to research and development tax credits as of October 31, 2021 is $5.0 million, for which the Company has established a liability for uncertain income tax return positions, most of which is included in accrued expenses as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021. The final outcome of these uncertain tax positions is not yet determinable. However, the Company does not expect that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change due to any expiration of statutes of limitation over the next 12 months. However, it is possible that the disputes with the IRS related to the Company’s federal research and development tax credits (see discussion of income tax returns below) could be resolved within the next twelve months depending on the scheduling of an appeals hearing and/or the results of negotiations with the IRS. If resolution of the disputes occurs, it would result in the Company’s elimination of at least a substantial portion of the amount of the liability for uncertain income tax positions discussed above. As of October 31, 2021, the Company does not believe that it has any other material uncertain income tax positions reflected in its accounts.

As of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021, the balances of other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet included income tax refunds receivable and prepaid income taxes in the total amounts of approximately $25.9 million and $26.9 million, respectively. The income tax refunds include the amounts expected to be received from the IRS upon completion of the tax return examination appeals process identified below and the amount expected to be received from the IRS upon its processing of the Company’s NOL carryback refund request discussed above.

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Income Tax Returns

The Company is subject to federal and state income taxes in the US, and income taxes in Ireland and the UK. Tax treatments within each jurisdiction are subject to the interpretation of the related tax laws and regulations which require significant judgment to apply. The Company is no longer subject to income tax examinations by authorities for its fiscal years ended on or before January 31, 2018 except for several notable exceptions including Ireland, the UK and several states where the open periods are one year longer.

The IRS conducted an examination of the Company’s original federal consolidated income tax return for Fiscal 2016. The IRS reported to the Company that no unfavorable adjustment items were noted during this examination. However, the Company consented to an extension of the audit timeline which enabled the IRS to also examine the amendment to the income tax return, which included the research and development credit for the year. In addition, the IRS opened an examination of the Company’s amended consolidated income tax return for Fiscal 2017. In substance, these efforts evolved into simultaneously conducted examinations of the research and development credits claimed in each year.

In January 2021, the IRS issued its final revenue agents report that documents its understanding of the facts, attempts to summarize the Company’s arguments in support of the research and development claims and states its position which disagrees with the Company’s treatment of a substantial amount of the costs that supp